After a person has suffered a concussion they may not be able to accurately assess their condition and they may think they are physically fit to return to the activity. If you think that a person may have suffered a concussion, you should immediately remove the person from the activity and ensure that they are assessed by a health care provider.
Symptoms from a concussion can worsen later on in the day and over the next day or two. A person who has suffered a concussion should not return to any activity or learning until a health care provider has completed an assessment and provided guidance about how to manage the concussion. Concussions typically heal in about a week or two with proper rest and management. Not taking time to heal and rushing back to school or sports could result in permanent brain damage.
After a person suffers a concussion, they should gradually return to learning and activity and follow a simple, six-step process. Individuals should only return to activity when they have completed the six steps of the return to play guidelines and been cleared by a health care provider.
|1. No Activity||Recovery
||Complete cognitive and physical rest
|2. Light Aerobic Activity||Increase heart rate
||Walking, cycling or swimming.
Keep intensity <70% heart rate max.
No resistance training
|3. Sport-Specific Activity||Add movement
||Skating or running drills
No head impact activities
|4. Non-Contact Drilling||Exercise, coordination and cognitive load
||Progression to more complex training drills
May start progressive resistance training
|5. Full Contact Practice
||Restore confidence and assess functional skills by coaching staff.
||Following medical clearance, participate in normal training activities.
|6. Return to Play
||Normal game play