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The best way to prevent concussions and brain injuries is to have knowledgeable family, friends, teammates, coaches, and colleagues. Everyone involved should know the signs and symptoms of a concussion, what to do when a concussion is suspected, as well as, when it is safe to return to activity.
A concussion is a common form of head and brain injury, and can be caused by a direct or indirect hit to the head or body, such as a hit occurring in a car crash or sports injury. When a person suffers a concussion, the brain suddenly shifts or shakes inside the skull and knocks against the skull’s bony surface. With a concussion there is no visible injury to the structure of the brain, meaning that tests like a MRI or CT scan usually appear normal. However, a concussion can cause a variety of symptoms and can affect the way a person thinks, feels, and remembers things.
You do not need to be “knocked out” or to lose consciousness to have a concussion. Signs and symptoms could be immediate or they may be delayed and not show for a period of time.
After a person has suffered a concussion they may not be able to accurately assess their condition and they may think they are physically fit to return to the activity.